(Tutor Marked Assignment) Course Code: MTTM-11/MTM-11                                              Programme: MTTM/MTM Total Mark: 100                                      Assignment Code: MTTM-11/MTM-11/TMA/2018 Note: This TMA consists of ten uestions, out of which you have to attempt any five. The question carries 20 marks each and should be answered in about 500 words. Send your TMA to the Coordinator of your Study Centre.

  1. What do you understand by tourism planning? Discuss environmental aspects of tourism planning. 20
  2. What are the components of tourism development? How could you relate these components with planning goals of an organization? 20
  3. Write short notes on: 10 × 2 = 20
(a) Elements of Plan Implementation (b) Local Agenda 21
  1. What do you understand by tourism regions? What aspects would you cover in a regional tourism plan? 20
  2. Discuss the role of government in tourism planning. 20
  3. How are cultural attractions planned and managed for tourism? Support your answer with suitable examples. 20
  4. What are the elements of a good National level tourism Plan? Discuss the ‘Incredible India campaign’ under this context. 20
  5. What do you mean by strategic planning? Differentiate between strategic planning and conventional planning. 20
  6. Discuss the approaches and issues in local level tourism planning. 20
  7. Write short notes on: 10 × 2 = 20
(a) Theme Parks (b) Event Planning Answers
  1. What do you understand by tourism planning? Discuss environmental aspects of tourism planning.
Ans.: Planning is the dynamic process of determining goals, systematically selecting alternative courses of actions to achieve those goals, implementing the chosen alternatives and evaluating the choice to determine if it is successful. The planning process regards the environment which includes political, physical, social and economic elements as interrelated and interdependent components which should be taken into account in considering the future of a destination. Tourism planning relates to the same basic concepts and approaches as general planning; however, it is adapted to the specific characteristics of the tourism system.A plan can be defined as a set of various decisions for action in the future. Several authors agree that the most significant feature of any type of planning, including tourism planning, is its orientation towards the future. According to Inskeep, planning for tourism is a step-by-step process which should be continuous, comprehensive, integrated, and environmental, focusing on achieving sustainable development and community involvement. Gunn (2002) similarly suggests that tourism planning ………………….
  1. What are the components of tourism development? How could you relate these components with planning goals of an organization?
Ans.: ………………….cultural aspects is well accepted. But the tourism nowadays is not simple one; like going to holiday to enjoy good weather. Modern tourists have diverse interests than traditional ones. On the other hand, environmental, political and local participation issues are being raised in tourism. Hence, it is necessary to know the components and elements of tourism industry in order to grasp the essence of the phenomena.  There are four major components of tourism industry;
  • Accomodation: In the early history, there were only limited kinds of loding; inns, boarding houses etc. With the development of transportation, variety and quality of loding facility was increased. With the developmentof railways, roadways, waterways and airways, lots of places with loding facilities were developed. In last half century, the range and type of accomodation has changed significantly. There is a decrease in the traditional small private hotels/bread and breakfast and boarding houses. Share of big hotels in accomodation industry is increasing. Non-traditional type of accomodation such as holiday village are on trend.
  • Transportation: Transportation is the blood stream of tourism developement. Development of tourism in any destination depends on the level of development of transportation . The reason of being Europe as no. 1 tourist generating and attracting region is the excelent system of transportation in the reason. When we overview the tourism development in the world, it goes along with the pace of development in transportation system.
  1. Write short notes on: 10 × 2 = 20
(a) Elements of Plan Implementation Ans.: When you are aware of the key elements of implementing a business strategy, you can make sure your employees carry out all the activities it requires. Promising strategies often fail because their implementation does not include all the required elements. An effective strategy implementation means the success of the strategy depends on its quality rather than on how well you implemented it.
  • Organization: For a successful strategy implementation, you have to make sure your strategy matches the type of organization your business uses. A strategy that requires quick action at the working level and decisions by working-level employees needs an organizational structure that delegates authority. A strategy that relies on tight control from the upper management levels works best in a hierarchical structure with centralized authority. You have to adjust the strategy to match the organizational structure of your business.
  • Planning: Implementing your strategy requires a series of activities that results in your company meeting your targets and achieving your overall goals. To simplify working with the strategy, you have to identify the individual tasks that make up each activity, place them in the correct sequence and arrange them in a schedule. This plan forms the basis for your implementation and for further monitoring and control.
  • Resources: When you ………………….
(b) Local Agenda 21 Ans.: Local Agenda 21 is a local-government-led, community-wide, and participatory effort to establish a comprehensive action strategy for environmental protection, economic prosperity and community well-being in the local jurisdiction or area. This requires the integration of planning and action across economic, social and environmental spheres. Key elements are full community participation, assessment of current conditions, target setting for achieving specific goals, monitoring and reporting. Agenda 21 is a non-binding action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. It is a product of the Earth Summit (UN Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. It is an action agenda for the UN, other multilateral organizations, and individual governments around the world that can be executed at local, national, and global levels. The “21” in Agenda 21 refers to the 21st Century. Although it is also the area code for Greater Rio de Janeiro, ………………….
  1. What do you understand by tourism regions? What aspects would you cover in a regional tourism plan?
Ans.: A tourism region is a geographical region that has been designated by a governmental organization or tourism bureau as having common cultural or environmental characteristics. These regions are often named after historical or current administrative and geographical regions. Others have names created specifically for tourism purposes. The names often evoke certain positive qualities of the area and suggest a coherent tourism experience to visitors. Countries, states, provinces, and other administrative regions are often carved up into tourism regions. In addition to drawing the attention of potential tourists, these tourism regions often provide tourists who are otherwise unfamiliar with an area with a manageable number of attractive options. Some of the more famous tourism regions based on historical or current administrative regions include Tuscany in Italy and Yucatan in Mexico. Famous examples of regions created by a government or tourism bureau include the United Kingdom’s Lake District and California’s Wine Country in the United States. Historically, tourism regions often developed in areas widely considered to be of historical, cultural, or natural importance such as the Niagara Falls region of New York and Canada, the Lake District of England, the French Riviera and the Italian Riviera. Others developed around specific attractions such as a major city, i.e. Paris, or a monument such as the Pyramids of Giza. Tourist regions have existed for thousands of years for relaxation and leisure as well as for religious ………………….
  1. Write short notes on: 10 × 2 = 20
(a) Theme Parks Ans.: A theme park or an amusement park is a place with attractions made up of rides, such as roller coasters and water rides. They usually contain a selection of different types of rides, along with shops, restaurants and other entertainment outlets. Theme parks can be enjoyed by adults, teenagers and children. Many are themed to a particular area; there are water parks, parks modeled after toys, parks modeled after movies or types of movies, usually adventure or action. Some famous theme parks:
  • Disneyland Park, Anaheim, California, USA
  • Walt Disney World Resort theme parks, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA
  • Universal Studios Florida, Florida, USA
  • Knott’s Berry Farm, Buena Park, California, USA
  • Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia, California, USA
  • Legoland, Denmark, UK, USA and Germany
  • Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Blackpool, Lancashire, England
  • Alton Towers, Alton, Staffordshire, England
…………………. (b) Event Planning Ans.: The event planning industry is host to numerous job titles and job descriptions. Event planner. Meeting Planner. Event Coordinator. Convention Planner. Event manager. The list seems endless. As the industry grows, so does the list of job functions. While job growth is always a good thing, the range of event planning job functions and event management job titles can be confusing to those starting out in the industry. Event planning is the process of managing a project such as a meeting, convention, tradeshow,  ceremony, (link is external)team building activity, party, or convention. Event planning includes budgeting, establishing timelines, selecting and reserving the event sites, acquiring permits, planning food, coordinating transportation, developing a theme, arranging ………………….]]>

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